Brilliant Cut vs Rose Cut Diamonds 

Are you deciding between a brilliant cut diamond and a rose cut diamond for your engagement ring? The choice between these two diamond cuts can be a tough one. In this article, we will explore the key differences between the brilliant cut and rose cut diamonds to help you make an informed decision.

A Brief History

Diamond cutting has come a long way over the centuries. The rose cut diamond, with its flat bottom and domed top, was one of the earliest diamond cuts. It originated in the 16th century when special tools were invented to cut facets into diamonds. The rose cut was further improved during the Victorian Era in the 1800s when steam-driven machines revolutionized diamond cutting, allowing for more precise shaping.

On the other hand, the brilliant cut diamond was developed in 1919, utilizing specific proportions and precise geometry to maximize the brilliance and dispersion of light within the diamond. This cut represents the culmination of centuries of diamond cutting evolution and is now the most popular diamond cut for engagement rings.


The number of facets in a diamond plays a significant role in its appearance. A rose cut diamond typically has fewer facets, around 24 in a round shape, which creates a soft, diffused light and a subtle beauty. In contrast, a brilliant cut diamond has 58 facets, allowing for a brighter, flashier sparkle.

Carat Weight vs Visual Size

Another important difference between these two diamond cuts is how they distribute their weight. Brilliant cut diamonds have culets (pointy bottoms) and tables (flat tops), which means they carry a lot of their weight in the bottom of the stone. On the other hand, rose cut diamonds have flat bottoms, which results in a larger top-down view and a larger circumference compared to a brilliant cut diamond of the same carat weight. If size is a priority over sparkle, a rose cut diamond may be the better choice for you.

Furthermore, the flat bottom of a rose cut diamond allows for a low-profile setting on the finger, providing comfort and a unique look. Brilliant cut diamonds, with their culets, need to sit higher off the finger.

What’s in a Name?

The names of these diamond cuts also provide insight into their characteristics. Rose cut diamonds are named after the way their facets mimic the spiral of a rose’s petals, evoking a romantic, vintage feel. Brilliant cut diamonds, as their name suggests, are designed to maximize the natural brilliance of a diamond.

Which Cut Is Right For You? (A Quick Quiz)

To determine the diamond style that suits your preferences, consider the following questions:

  1. Do you prefer vintage or modern styles?

    • Vintage: Rose cut diamonds have a vintage appeal.
    • Modern: Brilliant cut diamonds owe their sparkle to modern technology.
  2. Are you a trend-setter or a trend-follower?

    • Trend-setter: Rose cuts are experiencing a resurgence in the designer community.
    • Trend-follower: Brilliant cuts remain the most popular choice for engagement rings.
  3. Do you prefer handcraft or precision?

    • Handcraft: Rose cuts are cut by hand, giving each stone a unique personality.
    • Precision: Brilliant cuts combine handcraft with modern technology for the best possible diamond finish.
  4. Which is more important to you: maximum size or maximum sparkle?

    • Maximum size: Rose cuts look larger compared to brilliant cuts of the same carat weight.
    • Maximum sparkle: Brilliant cuts achieve their sparkle through refracting light within their culet.
  5. Are you on a tight budget?

    • Yes: Rose cut diamonds are less expensive per carat and offer a larger face-up size compared to brilliant cuts of similar carat weight.
    • No: Brilliant cut diamonds are more expensive due to the precision work required and the loss of rough material.

Based on your answers, if you lean towards mostly “A1” responses, a rose cut diamond may be the ideal choice for you. If you lean towards mostly “A2” responses, a brilliant cut diamond is likely to be your perfect stone.

In conclusion, the choice between a brilliant cut diamond and a rose cut diamond should consider your personal style, budget, and priorities. Both cuts offer their unique charm and beauty, so make sure to choose the one that resonates with you and represents your vision for your engagement ring.

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