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October Birth Flowers & Meanings: Cosmos and Marigold

If you or someone you know was born in October, you may be curious about the birth flowers for this month. October babies are lucky to have two beautiful blooms associated with their birth month: the cosmos and the marigold. While these flowers share some similarities, they also have unique meanings and characteristics. In this article, we will explore the significance of each October birth flower, as well as introduce a bonus Australian native flower that is perfect for October birthdays.

October Birth Flower #1: Cosmos

The cosmos is a beloved flower among many enthusiasts. With its dainty and delicate appearance, it exudes personality and charm. Available in a variety of pastel hues, cosmos flowers have a light, spicy fragrance that adds to their allure.

pink cosmos flowers

Cosmos Flower Meaning

The name “cosmos” originates from the Greek word “kosmos,” which translates to “world,” “order,” or “a harmonious arrangement.” This name is fitting, as cosmos flowers have neatly arranged petals that reflect the order and harmony of the universe. When you gift someone cosmos flowers, you are essentially giving them the universe itself.

Cosmos flowers symbolize order, harmony, and balance. They are also associated with peace, tranquility, innocence, modesty, and joy. During the Victorian era, these flowers were a symbol of joy in love and life. Additionally, cosmos flowers are traditionally given on the second wedding anniversary, representing the harmony and order that comes with a lasting marriage.

white cosmos flower

Cosmos Flower Colour Meanings

Cosmos flowers come in various beautiful shades, including pink, red, purple, yellow, orange, and white. Just like other flowers, the meaning of a cosmos flower can vary depending on its color.

  • Red cosmoses symbolize love and passion, similar to red roses and tulips.
  • Pink cosmos flowers represent the more delicate aspects of love, such as kisses and hugs. They are also a symbol of motherly love and femininity, making them a perfect gift for any woman in your life.
  • White cosmos flowers symbolize purity and faithfulness in romantic love. They are often given on anniversaries and other romantic occasions. White cosmoses can also represent innocence and purity in general.
  • Purple cosmoses symbolize strength, mystery, royalty, pride, and long-lasting love.
  • Orange cosmos flowers represent success, enjoyment, and excitement.
  • Yellow cosmoses symbolize friendship but can also symbolize slighted love.

pink cosmos flowers in field

Cosmos Flower History & Insights

Cosmos flowers are native to Mexico but have spread to various parts of the Americas and Africa. They belong to the Asteraceae family, which includes other well-known flowers like sunflowers, chrysanthemums, daisies, and asters. Cosmos flowers bloom from summer into autumn, perfectly aligning with the month of October in the northern hemisphere.

Apart from their beauty, cosmos flowers have medicinal properties. They contain chemical compounds such as butein and quercetin, which are used for treating inflammation, managing blood sugar levels, and even as anti-cancer agents.

Interestingly, cosmos flowers are safe for pets and are not toxic to cats or dogs. So, if you’re planning to gift flowers to someone with a furry friend, cosmoses are a pet-friendly choice.

October Birth Flower #2: Marigold

The second birth flower for October is the marigold. Marigolds have an intriguing historical background, with their name being a contraction of “Mary’s gold.” This name originated during the Middle Ages when marigolds were sometimes used as offerings to the Virgin Mary in place of coins or gold.

marigold flower

Marigold Flower Meaning

Marigolds are known for their vibrant petals in shades of orange, yellow, and red. These flowers symbolize positive emotions like joy, excitement, energy, good luck, warmth, and creativity. However, marigolds can also be associated with grief, despair, and jealousy, and have connections to death, remembrance, and resurrection.

During the Victorian era, marigolds were considered flowers of mourning and were often used as a symbol of remembrance.

signet marigold

Marigold Flower History & Insights

It’s important to note that there are two plant genera known as marigolds: Calendula and Tagetes. Both belong to the Asteraceae family and have yellow and orange flowers, but they are not botanically related.

True marigolds are of the Tagetes type. There are three main types of Tagetes marigolds: French marigolds, African marigolds, and Signet marigolds. Despite their names, these marigolds are native to parts of Central America and Mexico. Some varieties have densely packed petals, resembling carnations. They bloom from late spring into summer and autumn.

Calendula, often referred to as pot marigold, is native to Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean. These flowers closely resemble other Asteraceae family members like daisies and asters. Calendula blooms from early spring into autumn and is known for its soothing properties in body care products and wound treatments.

Calendula petals are edible and are sometimes called the “poor man’s saffron.” They can be used as a garnish to add color to a dish, though their taste may not be to everyone’s liking.

Marigolds hold cultural significance in various traditions. In Mexico’s Dia de Los Muertos holiday, marigolds are used to commemorate and celebrate loved ones who have passed away. In Indian culture, marigolds are associated with deities Vishnu and Lakshmi and are often used in weddings and festivals to bring happiness and prosperity.

calendula

Australian Native October Birth Flower: Rhodanthe

In addition to cosmos and marigold, Australia has its own native birth flower for October: the Rhodanthe, also known as the Australian paper daisy. There are approximately 40 species of Rhodanthe, featuring shades of pink, white, and mauve. These flowers bloom from late winter to late spring, making them the perfect choice for October birthdays.

For an extraordinary experience, visit the Australian Botanic Garden in Mount Annan during spring to witness the breathtaking daisy fields.

australian paper daisy


With this information, you no longer need to wonder about the birth flowers of October. If you’re interested in learning more about birth flowers for other months, check out our comprehensive guide to birth flowers by month. Alternatively, explore our Flower Delivery Melbourne and Flower Delivery Sydney collections to find the perfect flowers to send to your loved ones in these areas.

Now you can celebrate October birthdays with a meaningful and beautiful bouquet of cosmos, marigolds, or the native Australian Rhodanthe!

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